40 years after his death, Andy Warhol is still one of the most famous artists to this day. Despite his high profile, not much is known about the man behind the myth. On the occasion of the release of the book "Andy Warhol - the white fox" by biographer Jean-Noël Liaut, we wanted to know more about the artist.
The fruit of 25 years of work, research and testimonies, Jean-Noel Liaut has collected unpublished confidences from many close to the artist; famous art critics John Richardson and Stuart Preston, Pierre Bergé, Lee Radziwill and even Ultra Violet muse to paint a controversial portrait of the artist. The author solves the mystery and accesses his privacy.
To understand Warhol you have to know his childhood, the book devotes a long chapter to it. His real name Andrew Warhola, son of Czech immigrants, was born in Pittsburgh in 1928 in a working class environment during the Great Depression. Finding himself ugly as a child, he will be obsessed with beauty all his life.
A graduate of Commercial Art from the Carnegie Institute of Technology in Pittsburgh in 1949, he began his career as an illustrator for many magazines such as Glamor, Vogue, The New York Times and exhibited for the first time in his personal capacity at the Hugo Gallery. in New York in 1952.
An emblematic figure of Pop art, he revolutionized art and influence even today. Her artistic work explores the relationships between the cult of celebrity, artistic expression and advertising. A revolutionary style that found its place during the 60s, the beginning of the consumer society in the United States.
Warhol uses screen printing to reproduce endlessly famous photos of stars of his time such as Marilyn Monroe and Elizabeth Taylor, as well as political figures such as Mao Zedong. In moving towards this technique, he sought to render artistic mass-produced products by popularizing the mass production of the art itself. His work quickly became popular but also controversial, as some refer to Warhol as a business artist. His works were criticized as superficial, easy, commercial, and shallow.
In 1964, Warhol opened his artist studio "The Factory" in New York, bringing together many famous artists, serving both as a creation workshop, as a recording studio for his cinematographic works and in particular for the group's rehearsals. underground rock The Velvet he was producing.
Andy Warhol has marked contemporary art throughout its existence. In the book "Andy Warhol - the white fox", Jean-Noël Liaut tells us his story by gradually retracing the artist's path. The result is a sober, nuanced and fair biography, perhaps the best way to (re) discover the extraordinary career of this revolutionary artist.